Frank Herbert, Dune e le tematiche libertarie

dune-illustratedSto rileggendo per la terza (quarta?) volta Dune di Frank Herbert, questa volta in inglese. Quando lo lessi per la prima volta (avevo 17 anni) non ero ancora libertario ma dev’essere che il germe delle tematiche libertarie era già in me. Solo ora infatti mi rendo conto di quanti riferimenti all’individualismo, all’antidespotismo e al libertarismo esistono in Dune e nel resto della serie. E’ vero, Dune ha uno spettro enorme di temi e sarebbe ridicolo definire Dune un romanzo libertario e Frank Herbert un libertario ma ciò non toglie che ci siano delle frasi incredibilmente attinenti ai temi libertari. Ne butto giù qualcuna di seguito:

“Absolute power does not corrupt absolutely, absolute power attracts the corruptible.”

“Governments, if they endure, always tend increasingly toward aristocratic forms. No government in history has been known to evade this pattern. And as the aristocracy develops, government tends more and more to act exclusively in the interests of the ruling class — whether that class be hereditary royalty, oligarchs of financial empires, or entrenched bureaucracy.”

“The people I distrust most are those who want to improve our lives but have only one course of action.”

“The child who refuses to travel in the father’s harness, this is the symbol of man’s most unique capability. “I do not have to be what my father was. I do not have to obey my father’s rules or even believe everything he believed. It is my strength as a human that I can make my own choices of what to believe and what not to believe, of what to be and what not to be.”

“Beyond a critical point within a finite space, freedom diminishes as numbers increase. This is as true of humans as it is of gas molecules in a sealed flask. The human question is not how many can possibly survive within the system, but what kind of existence is possible for those who so survive.”

“The people who can destroy a thing, they control it.”

“The convoluted wording of legalisms grew up around the necessity to hide from ourselves the violence we intend toward each other. Between depriving a man of one hour from his life and depriving him of his life there exists only a difference of degree. You have done violence to him, consumed his energy.”

“If you think of yourselves as helpless and ineffectual, it is certain that you will create a despotic government to be your master. The wise despot, therefore, maintains among his subjects a popular sense that they are helpless and ineffectual.”

“Power attracts the corruptible. Suspect any who seek it.”

“Constitutions become the ultimate tyranny,” Paul said. “They’re organized power on such a scale as to be overwhelming. The constitution is social power mobilized and it has no conscience. It can crush the highest and the lowest, removing all dignity and individuality. It has an unstable balance point and no limitations.”

“All governments suffer a recurring problem: Power attracts pathological personalities.”

“Bureaucracy destroys initiative. There is little that bureaucrats hate more than innovation, especially innovation that produces better results than the old routines. Improvements always make those at the top of the heap look inept. Who enjoys appearing inept?”

“Every civilization depends on the quality of the individuals it produces. If you over-organize humans, over-legalize them, suppress their urge to greatness– they cannot work and their civilization collapses”

“The child who refuses to travel in the father’s harness, this is the symbol of man’s most unique capability. “I do not have to be what my father was. I do not have to obey my father’s rules or even believe everything he believed. It is my strength as a human that I can make my own choices of what to believe and what not to believe, of what to be and what not to be.”

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2 risposte a Frank Herbert, Dune e le tematiche libertarie

  1. Max ha detto:

    Senza togliere nulla ad un colosso come “Dune”, in tema libertario e SF ho molto apprezzato i romanzi di Paul F. Wilson del ciclo della Federazione LaNague. In particolare “A Enemy of the State” è un romanzo dichiaratamente e spudoratamente libertario.

    Tradotto in italiano penso che ci sia solo “Wheels Within Wheels” pubblicato molti anni fa su Urania con il titolo “Intrigo Interstellare”. Pur essendo “tranquillo” (è il secondo romanzo del ciclo) è stato il mio primo incontro con la cultura libertaria e, con il senno di poi, ha lasciato una traccia pesante nella mia formazione.

    Tutto si trova anche come ebook su Amazon.

  2. fabristol ha detto:

    Grazie mille Max, non conoscevo questo autore!

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